Bamiyan, the destroying of the Buddha statues of Bam - Bamiyan - Afghanistan

Asiatische Kunst

The Buddhas of Bamiyan

bamiyan-afghanistan
The destroyed Buddha statues of Bamiyan - Afghanistan

One of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, Bamyan ( The Place of Shining of Light ) is located in the central highland of Afghanistan. This largest province in Hazarat region is divided in six districts. Bamiyan is a home for various famous historical and cultural sites. Some of them are Band-e Amir National park, Dara-i-Ajhdar, Gholghola, the ancient towns Zakhak, Gaohargin, and the statues of standing Buddha which was destroyed in 2001.

Statues of Buddhas

“To the northeast of the royal city there is a mountain, on the declivity of which placed a stone figure of Buddha , erect in height of 140 or 150 feet. Its golden hues sparkle on every side, and its precious ornaments dazzle the eyes by their brightness.”
Quoted in the journals of Hiuen Tsiang

Dated as one of the oldest Buddha statues in the history of the world, this two 6th century monumental statues is situated in the Bamyan Valley in Afghanistan at an altitude of 2500 meters. There are two standing Buddha Statues carved in the cliff which are dated back to 6th century, the smaller statue was built in 504 A.D and the bigger one was built in 554 A.D. Those two statues were the first of many colossal images of Buddha appeared throughout the world.

The site was listed as World Heritage site by UNESCO which also includes the archeological remains of Bamyan Valley and surrounding cultural landscape. In recent news, the heritage experts are increasingly trying of reassemble at least one of the standing Buddha.

Architecture

destruction-of-buddhas-bamiyan

These two standing Buddha Statues shows the cosmopolitan nature of Buddhist art and is greatly influenced by Greco-Buddhist art . They are built in quite different style in every respect. The smaller Buddha Statue is a typical Gandharan Buddha figure of 2nd or 3rd C.E. The construction of smaller statues was very interesting since only the facial feature and other voluminous folds were molded in plaster of mud and straw and the body was basically carved in the stone body. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hiuen Tsiang reached the kingdom of Bamiyan in A.D. 632 and praised the statue since this figure was completely covered in gold leaf and metal ornaments and state that the statue was built from metal. The bigger standing statue of Buddha was a complete replica of a Late Gandharan Buddha type.

Attacks on Buddha Statue

Bamyan has always been the target for various attacks from 11th century to 20th century. In 1221, Bamyan got attacked by Great conqueror Genghis khan. Though the statues remain undamaged, various attacks on the statues were attempted by Mughal Emperor and Persian King Nader Afshar.
In March 2001, initially anti-aircraft guns and artillery were fired towards the statues, causing severe damage to the statues. After that, the Buddhas received additional damage by anti-tank mines placed by the Taliban. And the statues were finally destroyed by the explosives placed at the holes of the Buddha made by the previous attacks and rocket was launched destroying the statues completely.

Discoveries

Around 50 caves were discovered after the destruction of these two Buddha statues in Bamiyan. And various wall paintings were discovered which was stated that it was painted during the interval of 5th and 9th centuries.

The scientists also discovered the translation of the beginning section of the original Sanskrit PratÄ«tyasamutpāda Sutra . It was translated by Xuanzang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim spelled out the belief of Buddhism . And most of all another reclining Buddha statue was discovered which 19 meter high posing Buddha’s Parinirvana Pose.

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Buddha statues in our catalog

Alte Nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

Alte Nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

275 Euro
Antike Birmanische Buddhafigur

Antike Birmanische Buddhafigur

1950 Euro
Antike holzerne Mandalay Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Mandalay Buddhafigur

875 Euro
Antike holzerne Mandalay Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Mandalay Buddhafigur

4950 Euro
Antike holzerne Birmanische Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Birmanische Buddhafigur

325 Euro
Antike hölzerne laotische Buddhafigur

Antike hölzerne laotische Buddhafigur

1950 Euro
Nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

Nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

200 Euro
Antike Thailandische Rattanakosin Buddha

Antike Thailandische Rattanakosin Buddha

1350 Euro
Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

1250 Euro
Hochwertige nepalesische Bronze Buddhafigur

Hochwertige nepalesische Bronze Buddhafigur

1600 Euro
Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

225 Euro
Alte Birmanische bronze Buddhafigur

Alte Birmanische bronze Buddhafigur

2900 Euro
Neu gemachte Nepalesische Maitreya Buddha

Neu gemachte Nepalesische Maitreya Buddha

750 Euro
Antike holzerne Laotische Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Laotische Buddhafigur

1250 Euro
Antike bronze Mandalay Buddhafigur

Antike bronze Mandalay Buddhafigur

1750 Euro
Antike Birmanische holzerne Buddhafigur

Antike Birmanische holzerne Buddhafigur

250 Euro
Antike bronze Chiang Saen Buddha

Antike bronze Chiang Saen Buddha

3750 Euro
Hochwertige nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

Hochwertige nepalesische bronze Buddhafigur

850 Euro
Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Thailandische Buddhafigur

175 Euro
Antike Bronze laotischen Buddhafigur

Antike Bronze laotischen Buddhafigur

4250 Euro
Antike lackkunst Shan Buddha Figur

Antike lackkunst Shan Buddha Figur

150 Euro
Besondere antike bronze Shan Buddhafigur

Besondere antike bronze Shan Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Laos Buddhafigur

Antike holzerne Laos Buddhafigur

2500 Euro
Antike Birmanische marmor Buddhafigur

Antike Birmanische marmor Buddhafigur

1000 Euro
Antike Thailand Rattanakosin Buddhafigur

Antike Thailand Rattanakosin Buddhafigur

900 Euro
Antike holzerne Thai Ayutthaya Buddha

Antike holzerne Thai Ayutthaya Buddha

2400 Euro
Nepalesische Buddhafigur aus höhe Qualität

Nepalesische Buddhafigur aus höhe Qualität

1350 Euro
Alte holzerne Buddha Figur

Alte holzerne Buddha Figur

300 Euro
Neu gemachter Teakholzerne Buddhafigur

Neu gemachter Teakholzerne Buddhafigur

125 Euro
Neu gemachter Teakholzerne Buddhafigur

Neu gemachter Teakholzerne Buddhafigur

145 Euro
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